- Victim of
By Jan Oberg, TFF
For the umptieth time, the politico-military-media
complex tells us that local conflicts are caused solely
by locals. The international "community" has no part in
it but the noble one of trying to persuade the parties to
sit at a negotiation table instead. This time the stage
is Macedonia and the complex has learnt nothing since
This PressInfo and PressInfo
119 tell you how this intellectual rubbish
covers hidden political agendas instead of expressing the
truth. They also reveal why the UN was forced out of
Macedonia and that it was prevented from having a common
mission in Kosovo and Macedonia which was the only thing
that would have made sense in the late 1990s. It is based
on my own investigations at the time and published here
for the first time.
"COMMUNITY" : THE MAIN CAUSE OF WAR
Since few seem to be burdened with a political memory
stretching just two years back, let's recapitulate why
Macedonia, the land described by that selfsame complex as
an "oasis of peace" and a success for "preventive"
diplomacy, is now at the brink of war:
The potential of the OSCE was
never fully utilised
The OSCE Mission in the country has done an impressive
job in promoting tolerance and a democratic and tolerant
political culture. But it was never given enough
resources to really have an impact, and OSCE is now
completely marginalised in the new world "order".
Macedonia was forced to side
with the West against Yugoslavia.
The Milosevic-Holbrooke agreement to set up an OSCE
Verifiers' Mission in Kosovo (autumn 1998) lead to the
deployment of an "Extraction Force" in Macedonia, a force
that was seen by Belgrade as a clear breach of the
agreement and a threat to Kosovo and Serbia. This forced
Macedonia to play an anti-Yugoslavia role that served
everybody else but herself. Belgrade from now on saw
Macedonia as a target for retaliation if need be.
Its territorial integrity and
sovereignty was violated.
Earlier Macedonia had been forced to accept NATO
violation of its airspace when Wesley Clark wanted to
conduct a bombing simulation high enough over Macedonia
to be seen by FRY radars and thus signalling potential
war. Then President Kiro Gligorov told me that the first
time he heard about this simulation was from the evening
news! The West did not exactly respect the sovereignty of
the newly independent - and fragile - Macedonia.
Macedonia became a military
base and refugee camp for the West.
NATO's bombing turned Macedonia into a combined
military base and refugee camp. The miracle was that the
country survived this physically and politically.
However, from a psychological perspective, its identity
as an independent, sovereign country was fundamentally
shaken. Ever since, there has been insecurity about its
ability to remain united, about its future course
vis-a-vis the European Union and NATO.
The sanctions destroyed its
A decade of Western sanctions against Yugoslavia have
had only negative impact on Macedonia, like on all other
trade partners. Macedonia lost its main markets due first
to the wars in Croatia and Bosnia, then because of the
sanctions. It could either observe the sanctions by
virtually closing its border; that would lead to
bankruptcy. Or it could muddle through by criminalising
its foreign trade, i.e. letting a lot of goods go through
to Serbia/Kosovo. The official Western interpretation was
that Macedonia was loyal to the sanctions regime;
international observers knew better but their reports
were re-written back home.
Corruption of economy and
Thus, it was the heyday of the mafia. The
criminalisation of foreign economic relations coincided
with (and was reinforced by) the appropriation of
socially-owned property, i.e. what workers had produced
over the preceding decades, into shareholding companies
controlled mainly by new party bosses. This is what in
Western parlance is called privatisation and democracy.
Today's economic corruption scandals are the structural
consequence of these externally-enforced policies.
Macedonia received no
It has been estimated that the price the countries
around Yugoslavia paid for the sanctions is around US $
25 billion. Yugoslavia's share in Macedonia's foreign
trade was huge, in contrast to that of Western big powers
for whom not trading with Yugoslavia meant virtually
nothing. A TFF associate recently asked Macedonia's
President Trajkovski whether he expected any compensation
from the West for its use of Macedonia as a military
base, the refugee inflow and the sanctions; his
long-winded, diplomatic answer could safely be
interpreted as "no."
The international community
lied about KLA/UCK demilitarisation.
Macedonia's deep crisis now is a consequence of the
abominable moral and political fiasco of KFOR/NATO and
the UNMIK mission in occupied Kosovo/a. In contrast to
the politico-military-media complex' amnesia, some of us
can still remember what happened two years ago.
Rambo-like NATO generals rolled in and carved up Kosovo
in sectors, sent the Yugoslav forces, soldiers,
administrators and their families over to Serbia and
declared self-confidently that the Kosovo Liberation
Army, KLA/UCK, had been disarmed and dissolved and that
stability had been introduced. KLA and related
politicians had been wonderfully co-operative and were
rewarded for this demobilisation and abolition by the
establishment of the Kosovo Protection Corps, KPC, run by
virtually the same generals but said to be completely
civilian and serving, among others, as fire fighters.
While the KLA numbered some 20,000 troops, the KPC was
5,000. We never heard what the rest chose to do.
The UN and NATO/KFOR turned a
blind eye to KLA aggression.
Less than a year after this complete demilitarisation
of the KLA, KLA units have passed unimpeded, it seems,
through the American sector into the demilitarised zone
and set up bases there from which they attack targets in
Serbia. If Kosovo is an international protectorate, KLA's
activity inside Serbia amounts to an international
aggression. Virtually no media or Western politicians ask
the simple question: how could a disbanded KLA from which
all weapons have been taken, mount an attack across an
internationally guarded and protected border? How could
they do so under the eyes of 40.000 NATO/KFOR soldiers?
Neither is the question raised: did they in fact keep the
weapons (which means that NATO lied to the world) or were
they disarmed and afterwards given weapons by
As if this was not enough, Albanian military units
turned up inside Macedonia in March. According to
virtually all observers, they are predominantly armed
from Kosovo/a, most performing openly as UCK. They tell
world media that they can mobilise 40.000 man at arms and
that the only things Macedonians understand is the
language of weapons.
The dark forces of the West:
CIA and all that.
A series of independent "dissident" analyses have
focused on the question: who armed, and keeps on arming,
Albanian extremists? Most of them point toward the US
Central Intelligence Agency, CIA (once run by a Bush),
and the German BND (once run by Klaus Kinkel). It is no
longer a secret, if it ever was, that CIA infiltrated the
OSCE Verifiers' Mission; it provided one pretext for the
bombing by, among other activities, deciding on the spot
and before investigations were made that the people found
dead in Racak were victims of massacre by Serbs. Expert
reports have challenged this, at the time unfounded,
assertion. But it served its purpose: helping Clinton and
Albright to justify the bombing.
The United States arms both
Perhaps more conspicuous: Military Professional
Resources Incorporated (MPRI), a mercenary company in
Virginia, the United States, working on contract with
Pentagon has trained BOTH the KLA and the Macedonian
Army. It has worked also for the Bosnian Army and was
deeply involved in training the Croatian Army which drove
out some 200.000 legitimate Serb citizens from Croatia in
1995. In short, the type of actor that really helps bring
about the specific EU and NATO type of peace.
In summary, while we are told that "suddenly"
Macedonians and Albanians have started fighting each
other, the truth is a bit more complex. The general
underlying reason must be found in a decade of Western
policies while the specific reasons are the NATO bombing
and the failure of the NATO/KFOR and UN mission in
Kosovo. These factors have destabilised the region beyond
Of course Macedonia shares in the responsibility for
the present situation and we deal with that in PressInfo
120 but that is a minor factor compared with the
in PressInfo 119
© TFF 2001
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